Istaby Stone

‘HǫþuwulfR HeruwulfiR aftR Hæriwulfa wræit rúnaR þæiR.’
‘Hǫþuwulf [son?] of Heruwulf after Hæriwulf wrote these runes.’

The Istaby Runestone (DR 359) is another of the related Blekinge stones, bearing the names found on the Stentoften stone, found some 3mi (5km) from each other. It is worth noting, however, the differences between the runes found on this stone and those found on the Stentoften stone. The twice repeated name element ‘wulf-’ is written with a U-rune here, and an O-rune on the Stentoften stone (and the Gummarp stone as well). The non-nasal A-rune is also of a different shape, although it is very close to the ideographic rune used to mean ‘harvest’ on the Stentoften stone.

The relationship between Hǫþuwulf and Hæriwulf is unclear, with the word ‘mǫgr’ used in relation with Hæriwulf on the Stentoften stone, which usually means ‘son,’ but here Hǫþuwulf’s name is followed by the genitive of ‘HeruwulfR.’ The use of ‘mǫgr’ may be intended to mean ‘descendant’ rather than ‘son,’ or else Heruwulf may be a famous ancestor, and not necessarily his father. Either way, there is likely consanguinity between Hæriwulf and Hǫþuwulf.

Photo: Dr359 Istaby, Istabystenen by Bengt A. Lundberg / Riksantikvarieämbetet, CC BY 2.5 / Link
(Side B not pictured.)

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