Ingvar Stones, Part III: Lundby

‘Spjúti, Halfdan, þæir ræisðu stæin þænnsi æftir Skarða, bróður sinn. Fór austr heðan með Ingvari, á Serklandi liggr sunr Øyvindar.’
‘Spjúti, Halfdan, they raised this stone after Skarđi, their brother. He travelled east from here with Ingvar, in Saracen-land lies the son of Øyvind.’

Another inscription relating to Ingvar’s expedition, the Lundby Runestone (Sö 131) follows the clearly popular formula of beginning with the simple explanation of who raised the stone and after whom it was raised, and ending with a short verse, in this case: ‘Fór austr heðan / með Ingvari, / á Serklandi liggr / sunr Øyvindar.’

The names of Øyvind’s sons are worth discussing, with only Halfdan being a particular common name. ‘Spjúti’ derives from ‘spjót’ a word for ‘spear,’ but it and its variant ‘Spjútr’ occur only in inscriptions from Södermanland and Uppland.

Their deceased brother’s name ‘Skarđi,’ on the other hand, is more widespread, appearing in a handful of inscriptions across Scandinavia. It is derived from the noun ‘skarð,’ meaning ‘notch,’ which is used when referring to a hare-lip (‘skarð í vǫrr’ – ‘notch in the lip’), and has therefore been suggested to have been used of those with such a condition.

Photo: Sö 131, Lundby by Wikimedia User:Berig, CC BY-SA 3.0 / Link

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